The ‘simple’ future | Le futur simple

(source of the text)

 

Use

The simple future is used to talk about projects or to make forecasts. It’s used to talk about things that are not certain.

 

Formation 

The ‘simple’ future (le futur simple) is so-named because it is a one-word tense. In other words, its formation is simple because there is no auxiliary.

The French simple future tense is generally translated into English with the modal auxiliary ‘will.’

The future stem ends in -r: this sound characterizes the future (and the conditional).

The endings for the simple future are: -ai-as-a-ons-ez-ont.

 

The future stem for ‘-er’ and ‘-ir’ verbs is the infinitive.

Visiter => visiter + endings: je visiterai / tu visiteras / il visitera / nous visiterons / vous visiterez / ils visiteront

Finir => finir + endings: je finirai / tu finiras / il finira / nous finirons / vous finirez / ils finiront

 

For regular ‘-re’ verbs, the stem is the infinitive minus the final ‘e’.

Prendre => prendr + endings: je prendrai / tu prendras / il prendra / nous prendrons / vous prendrez / ils prendront

 

Irregular future stems

Some irregular verbs have irregular future stems.

Nevertheless, the future endings are the same for all verbs-ai-as-a-ons-ez-ont.

 

The future stem for ‘être’ is ‘ser-‘ and for ‘avoir’ is ‘aur-‘.

  • être ‘to be’

je serai, I will be

tu seras, you will be

il, elle / on sera, he, she (it) / one will be

nous serons, we will be

vous serez, you will be

ils / elles seront, they will be

Match

 

  • avoir ‘to have’

j’aurai, I will have

tu auras, you will have

il, elle / on aura, he, she (it) / one will have

nous aurons, we will have

vous aurez, you will have

ils / elles auront, they will have

Conjugate and check by clicking on ‘C’.

 

Here are the most common verbs that have irregular future stems:

Listen & Repeat

infinitive stem future translation
aller ir- j’irai I will go
courir courr- je courrai I will run
devoir devr- je devrai I will be obliged to
envoyer enverr- j’enverrai I will send
faire fer- je ferai I will do
falloir faudr- il faudra it will be necessary
mourir mourr- je mourrai I will die
obtenir obtiendr- j’obtiendrai I will obtain
pleuvoir pleuvr- il pleuvra it will rain
pouvoir pourr- je pourrai I will be able
recevoir recevr- je recevrai I will receive
savoir saur- je saurai I will know
tenir tiendr- je tiendrai I will hold
venir viendr- je viendrai I will come
voir verr- je verrai I will see
vouloir voudr- je voudrai I will want

 

Listen & repeat

https://www.lepointdufle.net/ressources_fle/conjugaison_futur.htm


Et maintenant on pratique 🙂

 

Musique

Here are some songs with simple future tense to make it easier to remember 🙂

 

Activités

Write

 

Listen & Write

 

 Say something about the future tense with “quand” (when) et “lorsque” (when, formal register)

 

Write

  • Production 1: the weather report

On the Météo France website, look at the forecast for Montpellier: http://www.meteofrance.com/previsions-meteo-france/montpellier/34000

Write a text to present the weather for the next 7 days in Montpellier (weather, temperature, and wind).

 

  • Production 2: astrological forecasts

Choose 3 astrological signs and write their horoscopes for tomorrow (serious, optimistic, pessimistic, parodic… as you like!)

 

  • Production 3: the vision of the future

What will the world be like in the future? Geography, nature, cities, technology, food, politics, economy, societies, health… Imagine our world in 2050. Work with your own ideas or these images. Write a text about it.

 

  • Production 4: me in 10 years

How do you see yourself in 10 years? Write about it (real or fictional, as you like).